Current Issue

Journal of Hospital Infection
February 24th
Advances in nanopore technology have led to the development of a palm-sized sequencer, MinION (Oxford Nanopore Technologies [ONT], Oxford, UK)1. We report our experience of whole-genome sequencing of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) with Mi…
February 24th
Analysis of bloodstream infections (BSIs) is valuable for their diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. However, limited data are available in Japan.
February 24th
The use of a follow-up card and phone calls appeared efficient for post-discharge surveillance of surgical site infections (SSI) in Cambodia. One hundred and sixty-one patients were given a follow-up card and asked to present it to any healthcare practiti…
February 21st
There is a lack of published studies on laundering in ambulance services. We performed bacterial culture on soiled and unsoiled uniforms and reusable mop heads artificially contaminated with Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficil…
February 18th
Norovirus outbreak management comprises isolation and cohorting of patients. In this context, exposed patients are preferably cohorted separately from symptomatic and unexposed asymptomatic patients, since they potentially develop symptoms of norovirus ga…
February 17th
Compliance with hand hygiene (HH) has often not proved satisfactory; high workload is a commonly self-reported reason. Studies comparing workload and compliance so far did not measure workload precisely and focus on certain times of day.This study aimed a…
February 16th
Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a major health threat. There is little data about HAI and antibiotic use in the People’s Republic of China in the English literature.
February 14th
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of healthcare associated infections. The ability of S. aureus to attach and subsequently accumulate on the surfaces of implanted medical devices and in host tissues makes infections caused by this pathogen difficul…
February 14th
Reports of KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) in Australia were previously uncommon with cases sporadically imported by travellers from higher prevalence countries.
February 13th
Kim and Rhee1 report the comparative in vitro bactericidal effect of plain bar soap and an antiseptic-containing bar soap product. Gram negative bacteria were more susceptible to both soaps than were Gram positives. However, except for Enterococcus faecal…
February 10th
The purpose of this study was to estimate the attributable mortality of hospital-acquired bloodstream infections (HA-BSI) in Ireland.
February 10th
Influenza vaccination of health care workers (HCWs) is essential for patient safety, their own safety and hospital operation. However, despite its strong recommendation, studies indicates a low rate of vaccine uptake.
February 10th
A quasi-experimental study was done on twenty technicians working in the Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. The knowledge; attitude and practice (KAP) of laboratory technicians was measured before and, two months, after enrolling them in an …
February 8th
Improving hand hygiene compliance is the mainstay of an infection prevention strategy the world over and is the most well-established measure to prevent avoidable infection in healthcare settings.1–3 As mentioned by Mahida, a widely used strategy to impro…
February 8th
The Editorial Team would like to extend their warmest thanks to all the referees who have kindly given of their time and expertise in reviewing the wide variety of articles submitted to The Journal of Hospital Infection over the last year. The following r…
February 8th
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Sm) is an opportunistic multi-drug resistant bacterium responsible for healthcare-associated infections. Strategies for in-hospital infection control and management of carriers and environmental reservoirs remain controversia…
February 6th
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) or vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) carriage present a major public health challenge. Decolonization strategies are lacking.We aimed to evaluate the impact of faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) on a…
February 6th
Hand hygiene compliance at the bedside, as analyzed using the continuous monitoring system, depended upon the healthcare worker’s occupation and personal behavior, number of HCWs, time spent in the room, and potentially the dispenser location. Meal tray d…
February 3rd
Length of stay is one of the key determinants for the risk of nosocomial infections. The distribution of this at-risk time is heavily skewed and depends on discharge or death. We applied landmark competing-risk prediction models to account for a large pro…
February 2nd
Economic analysis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) should consider the incentives facing institutional decision-makers. To avoid overstating the financial benefits of infection prevention, fixed and variable costs should be distinguished.
January 30th
Clostridium difficile is the most frequent cause of healthcare-associated infectious diarrhoea. Following acquisition of C. difficile, individuals may remain symptomatic, but they are at risk of developing symptomatic Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)…
January 30th
Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is a risk for infections. Targeted decolonization reduces postoperative infections but depends on accurate screening.
January 28th
Occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids in healthcare settings puts healthcare workers (HCWs) at risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is estimated that between 200 and 5000 HIV infections are transmitted annually …
January 28th
Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDRGNB) have become an important cause of nosocomial infection in the intensive care unit (ICU).
January 28th
The case reported by Schönning and colleagues,1 refers to the case described online by Lundholm (available in Swedish at http://static.wm3.se/sites/16/media/5909_Peter_Lundholm.pdf?1396538821 [Accessed January 24 2017]), where the story of a 67-year-old m…
January 28th
Healthcare-associated infections are a frequent threat to patient safety and cause significant disease burden. The most important single preventive measure is hand hygiene (HH). Barriers to adherence with HH recommendations include structural aspects, kno…
January 27th
Transfer of Clostridium difficile by Musca domestica has been demonstrated, revealing their potential for disseminating infection in the hospital environment.
January 20th
Staphylococcus aureus cultures from name badge lanyards were phenotypically and genotypically indistinguishable from the wearer’s nasal carrier strains by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and antibiogram. Lanyards had a mean age of 22 months and hygiene w…
January 19th
Having read the letters by Assadian and Leaper and by Meyer and Wishart we would like to add to the discussion regarding the question of the necessity for sterility of preoperative skin antiseptics.1,2 In 2012 the New England Journal of Medicine published…
January 19th
Surgical hand disinfection (SHD) is likely to be influenced by various factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of listening to music on the duration of SHD. In total, 236 SHD procedures were recorded on video. The duration of SHD exceede…
January 19th
In 2012, an elderly immunocompromised man died from legionellosis at a hospital in Uppsala, Sweden. The patient had visited a dental ward at the hospital during the incubation period. Legionella spp. at a concentration of 2000 colony-forming units/L were …
January 18th
A pre- and postintervention study was conducted to evaluate the impact of a new hand hygiene (HH) teaching module on the knowledge and attitudes amongst medical students towards HH. The teaching module significantly improved knowledge about HH indications…
January 16th
Sepsis is a major cause of mortality with an estimated 37,000 deaths in the UK each year. This study aimed to determine host factors that can predict severe sepsis in a bacteraemic cohort.
January 16th
The article by Abernethy et al.1 and a related letter by Gray2 in this issue are timely as the UK government develops an ambitious programme of work to reduce Gram-negative bloodstream infections by 50% by 2020.3 Escherichia coli is the leading cause of b…
January 16th
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major health burden worldwide. A patient with no history of HCV infection while on a renal unit was found to seroconvert to HCV.
January 5th
When we last published our experience of bloodstream infections (BSI) in children, covering the period 1995–2002, Escherichia coli was the fourth most common blood culture isolate after coagulase-negative staphylococci, Staphylococcus aureus and enterococ…
January 5th
We report the results of a panel investigation aimed at assessing the critical aspects regarding healthcare-associated infections in European countries with limited resources and pinpointing the highest priority issues that need to be addressed for effect…
January 4th
We recently reported that a standard terminal clean including hydrogen peroxide vapour at a concentration of 6%, as well as disinfection using 1000 ppm hypochlorite, did not remove carbapenemase-producing organisms (CPOs) from the environment.1 Our report…
January 4th
Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. Local epidemiological studies need to be conducted to set the priorities for surveillance and prevention programmes.
December 30th
The economic impact of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) on the healthcare system is significant. From May 2013 to May 2014, an outbreak of C. difficile ribotype 027 occurred in a Dutch tertiary care hospital, involving 72 patients. The primary aim of…
December 30th
Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is the most frequent cause of nosocomial diarrhoea in adults. Cancer patients, in particular, are at a higher risk for CDI. Limited clinical data exist regarding the use of tigecycline for the treatment of CDI, especi…
December 23rd
In hospitalized children and adults, the temporal relationship of viruses causing influenza-like illnesses (ILIs) and influenza has not been well described. During the 2015–2016 influenza season at our hospital, the dynamic interrelationships between ILI …
December 23rd
Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections are associated with morbidity and mortality. Peri-operative systemic intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the rate of CIED infections. AIGISRx, a polymer envelope implanted with the CIED…
December 18th
Previous studies comparing Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) due to different ribotypes have been conflicting, and many have only compared small numbers of cases or few ribotypes.
December 18th
Clinical challenges exist in the management of hospitalized patients returning to the UK with potential Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection, particularly with its clinical overlap with influenza, as demonstrated in this case-…
December 18th
Worldwide, millions of patients are affected annually by healthcare-associated infection (HCAI), impacting up to 80,000 patients in European hospitals on any given day.1 This represents not only a public health risk, but also an economic burden.
December 18th
Healthcare-associated Clostridium difficile infection (HCA-CDI) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. However, few data exist on the burden of HCA-CDI in multi-site non-metropolitan settings. This study examined the…
December 17th
To study the association between the results of water samples and Pseudomonas aeruginosa healthcare-associated cases in a French university hospital.
December 16th
Escherichia coli causes more than one-third of the bacteraemia cases in England each year, and the incidence of these infections is increasing.
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